Presenting a financial reporting model for companies focusing on market value and accounting value

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Department of Accounting, central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

10.22075/ijnaa.2021.23917.2638

Abstract

Financial reporting is the end product of the financial accounting process, providing financial information to various users, both internal and external users from the business unit, in the form of accounting reports. According to this fact that the financial reports and book (accounting) value of companies have played a significant role in the life of different groups, today it is more important to pay attention to issues related to honest, relevant, reliable and transparent financial reporting. Therefore, due to the importance of this issue in this study, we have examined the financial reporting of companies by focusing on the market value of companies and accounting value in inflationary conditions. For this purpose, the information of the member companies of the stock exchange over a ten-year period 2009-2020 are collected, then the hypotheses are tested after performing the necessary statistical tests using linear regression by Eviews 10 and SPSS 26 software. In this research, the multivariate regression method is used as a statistical method. The results indicate that there is no significant relationship between the quality of accruals and cash flow with the accounting value of companies in inflation conditions, but there is a significant relationship between total assets and net income with the accounting value of companies in inflation conditions. Also, there is no significant relationship between the quality of accruals, cash flow and net income with the market value of companies in inflationary conditions, however, there is a significant relationship between total assets and the accounting value of companies in inflationary conditions.

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