The effects of firm and decision-makers characteristics on the banking and export activities of small and medium companies

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Marketing Management, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran


The problems of a single product economy and reliance on oil revenues have affected an economy affected by foreign factors, especially the unstable oil revenues. Considering this characteristic of the Iranian economy, the importance and role of non-oil exports can be perceived. Studies on the developed countries indicated that all their economic and product developments have been due to small and medium enterprises. These industries play an effective role in the economic development of the countries through their significant exports. In addition, the intensification of global competition increased uncertainty, and the growing demand for diverse products have made these industries more popular. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of the firm characteristics and decision-makers on the banking and export activities of small and medium companies. It is an applied study in terms of the objective and a descriptive study in terms of method. The statistical population of the current study has been defined in two phases of the experts and authorities. The data were collected by interview and questionnaire in two stages. The Grand Theory method and the second phase, the structural equation model, have been used to analyze the information in the first phase. The results indicated that the management ability, management experience, management commitment, firm size, company financial capacity, company technological capacity, company knowledge capacity, scientific management capacity, purposeful management actions, company innovation capacity, and finally, human resource capacity are among the corporate management factors effective on the banking and export activities of the small and medium companies.


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Volume 13, Issue 2
July 2022
Pages 2425-2437
  • Receive Date: 05 December 2021
  • Revise Date: 19 January 2022
  • Accept Date: 01 February 2022