Knee meniscus segmentation and tear detection based on magnitic resonacis images: A review of literature

Document Type : Review articles

Authors

Department of Computer Science, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract

The meniscus has a crucial function in human anatomy, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (M.R.I.) plays an essential role in meniscus assessment. It is difficult to identify cartilage lesions using typical image processing approaches because the M.R.I. data is so diverse. An M.R.I. data sequence comprises numerous images, and the attributes area we are searching for may differ from each image in the series. Therefore, feature extraction gets more complicated, hence specifically, traditional image processing becomes very complex. In traditional image processing, a human tells a computer what should be there, but a deep learning (D.L.) algorithm extracts the features of what is already there automatically. The surface changes become valuable when diagnosing a tissue sample. Small, unnoticeable changes in pixel density may indicate the beginning of cancer or tear tissue in the early stages. These details even expert pathologists might miss. Artificial intelligence (A.I.) and D.L. revolutionized radiology by enhancing efficiency and accuracy of both interpretative and non-interpretive jobs. When you look at AI applications, you should think about how they might work. Convolutional Neural Network (C.N.N.) is a part of D.L. that can be used to diagnose knee problems. There are existing algorithms that can detect and categorize cartilage lesions, meniscus tears on M.R.I., offer an automated quantitative evaluation of healing, and forecast who is most likely to have recurring meniscus tears based on radiographs.

Keywords

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Volume 13, Issue 2
July 2022
Pages 691-708
  • Receive Date: 04 February 2022
  • Revise Date: 18 March 2022
  • Accept Date: 10 April 2022