A sociological study on determinants of tax culture of photographers and videographers guild in Mazandaran Province

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Sociology, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran


The present research aimed to sociologically investigate the determinants of tax culture of photographers and videographers guild in Mazandaran province and it had a mixed-method Delphi and survey type. A total of 14 experts and specialists of the tax and finance department of Sari, Qaem Shahr, Zirab, Babol, Amol, and Nur were considered in the Delphi phase, and structural equation modeling and AMOS software were used in the field section to determine the relationships between variables. Among the 1895 trade unions of photographers and videographers in 6 cities, 400 individuals were selected by stratified random sampling to answer 58 researcher-made items of the questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was greater than 0.7, indicating the research reliability. The research findings indicated that social factors (the need to teach the importance of taxes at schools and universities, the spirit of legalism in the family, etc.), personal factors (the experience of paying taxes, etc.), organizational factors (the efficiency and effective functioning of the tax organization, etc.), legal factors (enforcement action of tax laws and regulations, etc.), political factors (political stability and security, etc.) and economic factors (tax deferral, economic health, and transparency, etc.) were effective in improving tax culture. Among the 58 variables, the effects of 55 variables were confirmed and three variables, having a legal lawyer, exemption from tax crimes, and appropriate behavior of tax organization employees with taxpayers, were excluded from the research due to their less importance according to experts. The development and strengthening of the tax culture affected the rate of self-declaration and voluntary tax payments by taxpayers.


Articles in Press, Corrected Proof
Available Online from 28 September 2022
  • Receive Date: 25 November 2021
  • Revise Date: 03 January 2022
  • Accept Date: 11 February 2022
  • First Publish Date: 28 September 2022