Design and control strategy of solid state transformer using CHB, MMC and 5-L ANPC multilevel converters

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran


In this paper, the process of designing and comparing cascaded H-bridge (CHB) converter, modular multilevel converter (MMC), and five-level active neutral-point clamped (5L-ANPC) converter as a solid-state transformer (SST) utilized in the distribution network was investigated. The design was based on 1.7 kV IGBT modules (for CHB and MMC converters) and 3.3 and 4.5 kV IGBT modules (for 5L-ANPC converter). The converters were compared at voltage levels of 6.9, 11, and 20 kV and power levels of 0.5 and 2 MW. As well, when the number of MC voltage levels increases, the complexity of the control system, as well as the control algorithm, increases largely. In order to simplify the control system, a hierarchical control system is designed for these MCs. In the process of designing converters, thermal analysis and selecting smaller parts with lower losses due to enhanced efficiency were considered.


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Volume 14, Issue 6
June 2023
Pages 161-179
  • Receive Date: 30 April 2022
  • Revise Date: 25 June 2022
  • Accept Date: 19 July 2022