Hybrid of particle swarm optimization algorithm and fuzzy system for diabetes diagnosis

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Computer Engineering, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

2 Department of Computer Engineering, Khoy Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khoy, Iran



Diabetes is a dangerous disease in which the body is incapable of controlling blood sugar due to inadequate insulin hormone levels. This chronic disease increases blood sugar in patients. Therefore, if it is not controlled, it will cause many complications. A considerable number of people in the world suffer from this disease owing to its damage and lack of its initial diagnosis. The patient visits the doctor frequently to diagnose his/her illness and conducts various tests that are boring and costly. Increasing machine learning approaches through heuristics, and novel methods can somewhat decrease the problems. The current study aims to propose a model that can predict diabetes in patients with high accuracy. The paper introduces a new method based on the assortment of metaheuristic algorithms of a particle swarm and fuzzy inference system. The proposed method utilizes fuzzy systems to binary the particle swarm algorithm. The achieved model is applied to the diabetes dataset and then evaluated using a neural network classifier. The results indicate an increase in classification accuracy to 95.47% compared to other existing methods.


Articles in Press, Corrected Proof
Available Online from 15 April 2023
  • Receive Date: 11 July 2022
  • Revise Date: 16 March 2022
  • Accept Date: 21 December 2022
  • First Publish Date: 15 April 2023