Investigating the position of NGOs in improving the economic, political and social conditions of citizens

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Political Science, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Political Science and International Relations, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran



The aim of the current research is to investigate the position of NGOs in improving the economic, political and social conditions of citizens in Tehran Municipality between 2010 and 2018. The statistical population of this research is the managers and senior experts of the 22 districts of Tehran and their related 121 districts, of which 220 people including the mayors of each district and its districts and senior managers will be selected as a statistical sample in the order of position priority. The required information was also collected through a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity and reliability were confirmed, and the results were obtained based on Friedman's test, quadratic factor analysis method, and using SPSS and Lisrel software. The obtained results indicate a significant difference in the components of urban management and confirm NGOs' role in improving urban management (urban social sciences, urban economics and urban politics) in Tehran Municipality from 2018 to 2019. Based on the Friedman test, the significant difference in the components has been investigated. The result of the ranking shows that the urban economy component has the highest rank and is the component in which NGOs play a more effective role. Finally, after performing the exploratory factor analysis, the fitting of the model and second-degree confirmatory analysis were done, the findings of which show that NGOs played an influential role in the component of social sciences, urban economy and urban policy improvement in Tehran Municipality between 2010 and 2018. has it. The main role of NGOs is related to the urban economy component. Considering that providing citizens' needs, and providing welfare services, are basically infrastructures that are established by municipalities. All of them ultimately lead to the dynamism of the city's economy and the improvement of the citizens' well-being.


[1] H. Abedi Jafari, S. M. Pourmousavi, F. Aghazadeh, M. Bad, and A. Abedi Jafari, Explanation of the constituent components of urban management based on the study of the municipal structure of ten cities in the world, J. Sociol. Urban Stud. 1 (2011), no. 1, 179–201.
[2] M. Asim, A. Chaudhary, B. Mahmood, and M.S. Chaudhary, Examining the stance of international Donor Organizations uplift the role of civil society in social development during Post Musharaf Era, Human Nature J. Soc. Sci. 4 (2023), no. 2, 172–183.
[3] P. Gubster, The impact of NGOs on state and non-state relations in the Middle East, Middle East Policy 9 (2002), no. 1, 139–148.
[4] E. E. Guzel, U. Arslan, and A. Acaravci, The impact of economic, social, and political globalization and democracy on life expectancy in low-income countries: are sustainable development goals contradictory?, Envir. Dev. Sustain. 23 (2021), no. 9, 13508–13525.
[5] N. Kasfir, The Shrinking Political Arena: participation and ethnicity in African politics, with a case study of Uganda, Univ of California Press, 2023.
[6] M. Kitanova, Youth political participation in the EU: Evidence from a cross-national analysis, J. Youth Stud. 23 (2020), no. 7, 819–836.
[7] S. Kuhnle, Commentary: What Role for the Third Sector in European Public Policy-Making?, J. Civil Soc. 6 (2010), no. 1, 71–74.
[8] N. Mohammadi, Investigation of community energy business models from an institutional perspective: Intermediaries and policy instruments in selected cases of developing and developed countries, Sustainability 10 (2023), no. 15, 8423.
[9] S.M. Nejati Hosseini, Urban politics and urban diplomacy (from theory to experience), Hist. Sociol. 2 (2011), no. 3, 117–142.
[10] S. Pollard, The state and civil society in the Arab Middle East, PhD Dissertation, Western Michigan University, 2014.
[11] A.A. Pourazzat, H. Khaniki, H.R. Yazdani, and B. Mokhtari, Identifying the strategies of the public sector in dealing with non-governmental organizations in the process of public policy making in Iran, case study: The field of environment and natural resources, Public Policy 2 (2016), no. 3, 91–116.
[12] H. Ranaei and M. Mortazavi, Network Thinking in State Administration, Islamic Council Research Center, Tehran, 2011.
[13] M. Sharifi Shiman Alia and S.K. Sarwar Zadeh, survey of urban economy and its role in the field of urban management and sustainable urban development, 4th Int. Cong. Civil Engin. Architec. Urban Dev., Tehran, 2016.
[14] D. Soares da Silva, L.G. Horlings, and E. Figueiredo, Citizen Initiatives in the Post-Welfare State, Soc. Sci. 12 (2018), no. 7, 252,
[15] P. Streeten, Nongovernmental organizations and development, Ann. Amer. Acad. Politic. Soc. Sci. 554 (1997), no. 1, 193–210.
[16] J. Tendler, Projects and Effects: The Evaluator’s Craft, Napoli, Liguori, 1992.
[17] A. Vasta, E. Figueiredo, S. Valente, H. Vihinen, and M. Nieto-Romero, Place-based policies for sustainability and rural development: the case of a Portuguese village “Spun” in traditional linen, Soc. Sci. 10 (2019), no. 8, 289.
[18] Sh. ZindeDel Sabet, analysis of the role of municipalities in the management of urban economy, 7th Int. Conf. New Sol. Engin. Inf. Sci. Technol. Coming Century, 2019.

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof
Available Online from 09 January 2024
  • Receive Date: 11 July 2023
  • Revise Date: 27 September 2023
  • Accept Date: 12 October 2023