Developing a structural-interpretive model of factors affecting the establishment of systemic thinking in an organization (Case study: Companies active in the country's sugar industry)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Management, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Management, Astara Branch, Islamic Azad University, Astara, Iran



Nowadays, using the most up-to-date and appropriate methods and paradigms in management sciences is necessary for successful management to make the best decisions to guide organizational groups. This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the establishment of systems thinking to develop a structural-interpretive model in companies active in the sugar industry. This study was conducted on 400 managers, officials, and experts of the five studied companies, and 196 samples were selected based on a purposive judgment method according to Morgan’s table. The research collection tools were library studies and a researcher-made questionnaire with 57 questions based on the Likert scale technique and a standard ISM method questionnaire. The reliability of the researcher-made questionnaire was checked based on Cronbach’s alpha test and composite reliability. The exploratory factor analysis approach was used to identify the desired variables. Based on data analysis in Smart PLS software, ten factors were identified as influential factors in establishing systems thinking based on the Varimax rotation method and explaining 40.8% of the variance of the variables. In the standard steps of the structural-interpretive modeling approach, the variables extracted as model structures were divided into four levels of importance and used in designing strategies and plans for any organization to make the necessary decisions and policies. 


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Articles in Press, Corrected Proof
Available Online from 04 February 2024
  • Receive Date: 14 July 2023
  • Revise Date: 30 September 2023
  • Accept Date: 29 November 2023