Presenting a model for identifying the risk aversion of shareholders according to the influence and role of the government’s monetary and fiscal policies and the mass behavior of shareholders

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Accounting, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran



Risk aversion is one of the investment theories in which the price-performance ratio reacts to the investor’s risk tolerance and is guided with due attention to its changes. These settings allude to changes in the investor’s activity in response to global economic patterns. According to this theory, investors tend to have higher-risk investments when the market risk is low. However, investors tend to invest in a safe asset when a high market risk is felt. The investor’s tendency to avoid risk increases and decreases over time. Occasionally, investors invest more in higher-risk instruments than in other periods, such as economic prosperity in 2009. The primary purpose of this research study is to present a model for identifying the risk aversion of shareholders depending on the influence and role of the government’s monetary and fiscal policies and the mass behavior of shareholders. This is applied research in terms of purpose and descriptive survey research in terms of method. The statistical population of the research is the country of Iran. The study’s participants include managers, shareholders, and investors with associated scientific backgrounds and experience in the stock exchange. Thus, the managers, shareholders, and investors active in the stock exchange were selected as the participants of the present study. Besides, the purposeful sampling method and theoretical sampling strategy with maximum variation were used. The researcher reached theoretical saturation by interviewing nine people, and the interviews continued with 11 people to become confident about the results. Data analysis was done using MAXQDA OLS, pls software. The research results have been to identify the role of the government’s monetary and fiscal policies and the shareholders’ mass behavior in presenting the model of identifying the risk aversion of the shareholders.


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Articles in Press, Corrected Proof
Available Online from 07 February 2024
  • Receive Date: 23 November 2023
  • Accept Date: 08 January 2024