Investigating the essential mediating roles of gender and teaching experience on the relationships among Iranian EFL teachers ' well- being, self-concept and professional development

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of English Language Teaching, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran



Improvement and change in teachers' knowledge and practice are likely to bring about changes in teacher growth, varieties in teachers' instructional techniques and strategies as well as enhancement in student learning. In the field of language learning and teaching, many linguistic and non-linguistic issues have been examined to explain the role of psychological issues and individual differences in foreign language learning, However, the role of positive emotions has not been investigated sufficiently among EFL teachers. Therefore, the present study has investigated gender and teaching experience on the well-being, professional growth and self-concept of Iranian English teachers. The present research in terms of practical purpose and in terms of the method of collecting information, is a survey type, and in terms of execution time, it is cross-sectional, and in terms of execution logic, it is deductive-inductive. The current research community consists of 220 Iranian English language teachers in private language learning institutions in Tabriz who have at least 5 years of teaching experience. In the current research, the main measurement tool is a questionnaire, which is one of the common research tools and a direct method for obtaining research data. According to the nature of the subject, the research method is a quantitative method. The gathered data was analyzed using correlation analysis and structural equation modelling (SEM). The software packages SPSS 24.0 and Amos 8 were used for descriptive statistics and correlation analyses, respectively. The results revealed that there is a significant structural relationship between well-being and self-concept with the mediation of gender and experience. However, there is no significant structural relationship between well-being and professional development with the mediation of gender and experience.


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Articles in Press, Corrected Proof
Available Online from 03 May 2024
  • Receive Date: 02 July 2023
  • Revise Date: 26 October 2023
  • Accept Date: 28 October 2023