Back-stepping sliding mode control Design for glucose regulation in type 1 diabetic patients

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran


This article presents a robust scheme for regulating blood glucose in the patients suffering from type I diabetes based on BMM. A pump is used to inject glucose/insulin under the patient’s skin to control its concentration. Previous studies have presented a variety of such controllers. But, they mainly suffered from long settling time. This study employs back-stepping sliding control to reduce the settling time. Since the controller presented in this study employs sliding mode control, it is robust against external disturbances. Since the back-stepping scheme is used in this design, it guarantees that the state variables of the system converge to the desired value. The results obtained from simulation verify performance of the presented scheme.