Evaluating the difference in the effect of distance on the seismic demand estimated using nonlinear dynamic analysis and Bayesian statistics in near and far fields

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Shakhes Pajouh Research Institute, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran


Seismic demand estimation of structures (which is considered as one of the main components of performance-based designing) is along with various uncertainties, the most important of which is fault-to-site distance. In fact, with the variation in fault-to-site distance of an accelerogram, its effect on seismic demand estimation would differ. However, it seems that this distance impact on the seismic demand will be different in far and near fields concerning the distinct nature of near field. The main aim of this study is to verify this issue and determine the impact of fault-to-site distance 
on seismic demand of steel moment resisting frames in near and far fields using nonlinear dynamic analysis and Bayesian statistics. Nonlinear dynamic analysis is used to cover the actual nonlinear behavior of the structure in near-collapse performance level and the Bayesian approach to cover all uncertainties. Concerning the research objectives, two generic steel moment resisting frames of 3-storey with rigid behavior and 15-storey with flexible behavior have been selected and nonlinearly modeled in Open Sees. At the next stage, these frames were analyzed through incremental nonlinear
dynamic analysis under five groups of 40 accelerograms that were similar in terms of all features except for fault-to-site distance and the results were used for determining their seismic demand. In so far as the only variable in this analysis is fault-to-site distance, the difference in the results could be attributed to this variable. According to the results, from statistical approach, there is some difference between the impact of distance variation on seismic demand in near and far fields which is subject to some variables such as the behavior of the frame and its performance level.


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Volume 12, Special Issue
December 2021
Pages 173-187
  • Receive Date: 19 June 2020
  • Revise Date: 03 November 2020
  • Accept Date: 15 January 2021