Evaluating the Difference in the Effect of Distance on the Seismic Demand Estimated using Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis and Bayesian Statistics in Near and Far Fields

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Shakhes Pajouh Research Institute, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran



Seismic demand estimation of structures (which is considered as one of the main components of
performance-based designing) is along with various uncertainties, the most important of which is
fault-to-site distance. In fact, with the variation in fault-to-site distance of an accelerogram, its
effect on seismic demand estimation would differ. However, it seems that this distance impact on the
seismic demand will be different in far and near fields concerning the distinct nature of near field.
The main aim of this study is to verify this issue and determine the impact of fault-to-site distance
on seismic demand of steel moment resisting frames in near and far fields using nonlinear dynamic
analysis and Bayesian statistics. Nonlinear dynamic analysis is used to cover the actual nonlinear
behavior of the structure in near-collapse performance level and the Bayesian approach to cover
all uncertainties. Concerning the research objectives, two generic steel moment resisting frames of
3-storey with rigid behavior and 15-storey with flexible behavior have been selected and nonlinearly
modeled in Open Sees. At the next stage, these frames were analyzed through incremental nonlinear
dynamic analysis under five groups of 40 accelerograms that were similar in terms of all features
except for fault-to-site distance and the results were used for determining their seismic demand. In
so far as the only variable in this analysis is fault-to-site distance, the difference in the results could
be attributed to this variable. According to the results, from statistical approach, there is some
difference between the impact of distance variation on seismic demand in near and far fields which
is subject to some variables such as the behavior of the frame and its performance level.