Biomechanical analysis of long pass in U-19 women football players

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Kejurulatihan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak Darul Ridzuan 35900, Malaysia & Faculty of Sport, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami, 36A, Kentingan, Surakarta, Indonesia

2 Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Kejurulatihan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak Darul Ridzuan 35900, Malaysia

3 Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami, 36A, Kentingan, Surakarta, Indonesia

10.22075/ijnaa.2021.5171

Abstract

Kicking movement is process of moving position on leg. Biomechanical analysis explains kick performance which influenced by kinematics and kinetics factors. The research purpose analyzed biomechanical long pass movement. This research is both qualitative and quantitative. The research
sample are 11 Indonesian woman football players who were taken by saturated sampling. Data in
the form of long pass kick video with airborne ball test. Data analyzing used Kinovea software to
determine the flexion angle of backswing kick leg, hip angle, and distance to target, then looking
for the force, power, and energy in kick motion. The motion analysis shown that sample 3 produces
closest distance to target as far as 0.65 m which done with flexion angle of backswing knee is 740
and hip angle of 640. The force exerted by sample 3 is 10.09 N, resulting in a ball speed of 22.42
m/s and a kinetic energy of 113.12 Joule, potential energy of 14.64 Joule and mechanical energy of
127.76 Joule. It can be concluded that accuracy of long pass kick are influenced by flexion angle of
backswing kick knee, hip angle, power and force as well as producing energy in the form of kinetic,
potential, and mechanical energy.

Keywords