Biomechanical analysis of long pass in U-19 women football players

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Kejurulatihan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak Darul Ridzuan 35900, Malaysia & Faculty of Sport, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami, 36A, Kentingan, Surakarta, Indonesia

2 Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Kejurulatihan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak Darul Ridzuan 35900, Malaysia

3 Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami, 36A, Kentingan, Surakarta, Indonesia


Kicking movement is process of moving position on leg. Biomechanical analysis explains kick performance which influenced by kinematics and kinetics factors. The research purpose analyzed biomechanical long pass movement. This research is both qualitative and quantitative. The research sample are 11 Indonesian woman football players who were taken by saturated sampling. Data in the form of long pass kick video with airborne ball test. Data analyzing used Kinovea software to determine the flexion angle of backswing kick leg, hip angle, and distance to target, then looking for the force, power, and energy in kick motion. The motion analysis shown that sample 3 produces closest distance to target as far as 0.65 m which done with flexion angle of backswing knee is 740 and hip angle of 640. The force exerted by sample 3 is 10.09 N, resulting in a ball speed of 22.42 m/s and a kinetic energy of 113.12 Joule, potential energy of 14.64 Joule and mechanical energy of 127.76 Joule. It can be concluded that accuracy of long pass kick are influenced by flexion angle of backswing kick knee, hip angle, power and force as well as producing energy in the form of kinetic, potential, and mechanical energy.


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Volume 12, Issue 2
November 2021
Pages 1005-1021
  • Receive Date: 17 February 2021
  • Revise Date: 20 March 2021
  • Accept Date: 11 April 2021