Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Industrial Management, Firoozkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh, Iran
Department of Mathematics, Firoozkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh, Iran
Due to the nature of activities and processes, the petrochemical industry causes the production of industrial effluents, emissions and wastes that have adverse effects on the environment. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of petrochemical economic activities on environmental factors. In this paper, in order to minimize the costs and the amount of pollution caused by the emission of harmful gases, the closed-loop green supply chain model has been used, in which direct and reverse logistics networks have been considered. As a result, a fuzzy mathematical programming model has been developed for when the data are not definitively known. After the demand parameters and the amount of pollution are considered fuzzy, the maximum and bisector mean methods of the area are considered as methods (diffusion) of comparison and ranking of fuzzy definite numbers, and by adding Limitations of these two methods, the model was developed. To solve the model with real data, a plant from the petrochemical industry was selected and the data were prepared for a solution with very good estimates. Finally, the colonial competition algorithm was used to solve it. According to the model, its applicability was shown to reduce the number of environmental pollutants along with the reduction of transportation and waste, and the model for the closed-loop supply chain, which simultaneously considers two direct and inverse logistics networks. It is appropriate.