Selection of green suppliers with the approach of integrating economic, environmental and social decisions (Case study of Sazeh Gostar Saipa Photovoltaic Company)

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Industrial Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran


Supply chain network design is one of the key issues in strategic chain planning that refers to the supply chain network configuration and as an infrastructure issue in its management, will have lasting effects on other tactical and operational decisions. In other words, the proper design of the supply chain network leads to the achievement of an optimal structure, which makes effective and competitive supply chain management possible. In this study, a problem of selecting a green supplier in terms of sustainability, under uncertainty based on three economic, environmental and social responsibility dimensions are studied by a case study of Sazeh Gostar Saipa Photovoltaic Company active in the pv industry. One of the environmental dimensions of the problem is the design of an efficient and flexible model for evaluating and selecting suppliers based on environmental indicators. One of the features of the proposed model is the use of environmental criteria in the process of selecting a green supplier and also the flexibility of the model in the number of sub-criteria. In this research, the theory of Rough sets has been used to find the weight of sub-environmental criteria. The obtained results confirm the efficiency of the multi-objective mathematical planning model in this research in evaluating suppliers and also using the theory of Rough sets to weight environmental indicators to achieve the above objectives.