This research aimed to analyze the content of science textbooks of the fourth to sixth grade of elementary school based on the emphasis on the components of the health curriculum. The research population consisted of science textbooks of the science textbooks of elementary school, and the statistical sample size was equal to the population using the census sampling method. The research method was categorical content analysis, and the unit of analysis was sentence and theme. The measurement tool was a reverse questionnaire and a researcher-made checklist, and selective, axial, and open coding and maxqda software were used to analyze the data. The results showed that the mental and spiritual health components are not mentioned in the science textbook of the fourth and fifth grades among the health curriculum components, including physical, mental, environmental, social, and spiritual health. All the components of a health curriculum were mentioned in the science textbook of the sixth grade. The most emphasis was on the environmental health component, and the least was on the mental and spiritual health component among the mentioned components.