The effectiveness of a proposed teaching strategy based on the theory of successful intelligence in developing creativity skills in mathematics for students of primary stage

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, University of Anbar, Iraq

2 Anbar Education Directorate, Iraq


The aim of the paper is to measure the effectiveness of a proposed teaching strategy based on the theory of successful intelligence in developing creativity skills in mathematics among primary school students. To achieve this aim, the researcher employs a semi-experimental approach and designs one group of pre and post-test. The researcher carries out the test of creative thinking in mathematics. He also builds a teaching strategy based on successful intelligence to develop creative skills in mathematics among primary school students. This strategy was applied to the research sample students, which numbered 35 male and female students from the fifth grade of primary school. To measure the effectiveness of the strategy, the test was applied remotely to the research sample. The results showed that there is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group students in the pre and post-tests to test creativity skills in mathematics after successful intelligence-based teaching in favour of the posttest.


[1] M. Abu Jado, The Effect of an Educational Program Based on the Theory of Successful Intelligence in Developing
the Analytical, Creative and Practical Abilities of Mentally Blind Students, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Jordan,
[2] B. Ahmed, Creative thinking and its relationship to academic achievement in mathematics, Alustath J. Human
Soc. Sci. 59(1) (2020) 138–161.
[3] M. Al-Hammad and A. Abed, The effect of using the davis model in teaching mathematics in improving the levels
of geometric thinking in the light of achievement motivation among primary school students in Jordan, Dirasat.
Educ. Sci. 45(4) (2018) 151–170.
[4] I. Al-Harbi and A. Al-Maliki, The role of the mathematics teacher in supporting creative thinking, The Sixth
Arab Sci. Conf. Gifted Talented- Taking care of the gifted is an inevitable image of a better Arab future, Sixth
conference, vol. 2, The Arab Council for the Gifted and Talented and Jordan’s Front for Learning and Cultural
Exchange, The Arab Council for the Gifted and Talented, July 2009, pp. 109–135.
[5] F. Al-Jassem, Successful Intelligence, Analytical and Creative Abilities, Debono Publishing, 2010.
[6] K. Al-Khuzaim and A. Al-Balawi, The level of teaching practices of primary school mathematics teachers to
develop learning skills and creativity according to the requirements of the twenty-first century, J. Mathe. Educ.
5(25) (2020) 28–56.
[7] N. Al-Salem, The effect of applying the mansori curriculum in developing creative thinking skills compared to the
developed curriculum for kindergarten children, Education (Al-Azhar): A refereed scientific journal for educational, psychological and social research 185(3) (2020) 791–842.
[8] A. Al-Sayed, The effectiveness of a program of activities based on active learning in developing the skills of
excellence and creativity in mathematics among basic education students in the sultanate of Oman, J. Stud.
Curric. Teach. Methods 246 (2019) 16–48.
[9] H. Ali, Creativity and innovation in mathematics, The First Sci. Conf. Young Res. (Egypt), April 2007, pp.
[10] W.A.M. Ali, Quality culture and the development of creativity in mathematics, The Sixteenth Ann. Sci. Conf.
Dev. Math. Teach. Learn. Ach. Culture Qual. (Egypt), July 2018, pp. 81–94.
[11] A.F. Alrkebaat and Y.M. Qatami, The effect of a training program for successful intelligence based on sternberg’s
model and metacognitive thinking skills on sixth - grade students’ degree of critical thinking practice in Jordan,
Dirasat. Educ. Sci. 43(2) (2016) 619–635.
[12] B. Anwar and N.S. Mumthas, Taking triarchic teaching to classrooms: Giving everybody a fair chance, Int. J.
Adv. Res. 2(5) (2014) 455–458.
[13] I. Arbee, A. Al-Zoubi and W. Al-Omari, The effectiveness of teaching mathematics based on the components of
teaching by concepts in developing creative thinking skills in decimals for basic stage students, J. Islamic Univ.
Educ. Psych. Stud. 28 (2020) 602–627.
[14] I. Attia and M. Saleh, The effectiveness of the strategies (a.l.w.k) and (think-pair-share) in teaching mathematics
on developing communication and mathematical creativity among primary school students, J. College Educ. 76(18)
(2008) 50–85.[15] A. Ayoub, The Theory of Successful Intelligence the Compatibility Between Teaching and Assessment, Cairo, The
world of books, 2016.
[16] H. Baadi, Emotional competencies and creative thinking of the child, Arab J. Psych. 5(2) (2020) 47–63.
[17] N. Colangelo and G.A. Davis, Handbook on Gifted Education, ERIC, 2002.
[18] S.B. Kaufman and J.L. Singer, Applying the theory of successful intelligence to psychotherapy training and practice,
Imagin. Cogn. Person. 23(4) (2004) 325–355.
[19] H. Mohamed, Four Smart Teaching Guides for the Successful Teacher, Dar Al Uloom for publishing and distribution, 2008.
[20] T. Mohammed, Human Intelligence, Contemporary Trends and Critical Issues, The World of Knowledge, 2006.
[21] C. Moller, Intelligence and Success in Life, Characteristics of Successful People, Claus Moller Consulting, 2005.
[22] R. Palos and L.P. Maricutoiu, Teaching for successful intelligence questionnaire (tsi-q)-a new instrument developed
for assessing teaching style, J. Educ. Sci. Psych. 3(1) (2013) 159–178.
[23] Y. Qatami and S. Mustafa, The effectiveness of a training program for cognitive acceleration in developing criticalthinking and successful intelligence among a jordanian sample of 5th graders, Dirasat. Educ. Sci. 42(3) (2015)
[24] R. Rizk, The Effciency of Teaching Based on the Theory of Successful Intelligence in Developing Reading Criticism
Skills, and Producing Parallel Text for Fifth Grade Students, A magister message that is not published, Faculty
of Education, Al-Arish University, Egypt, 2020.
[25] H. Laila and M. Shehata, Education for Creativity and the Creative Industry, The Egyptian Lebanese House,
[26] M. Shehata and M. Al-Barbari, A proposed program for developing creativity in mathematics among fifth graders
and its impact on general creativity and achievement, Stud. Curric. Teach. Methods 68 (2001) 136–174.
[27] S.A.O. Skafi, The Effect of Using the Ipad in Developing Creative Thinking Skills in Mathematics for Fourth Grade
Students in Private Schools in the Capital Governorate of Amman, Master’s Thesis, Middle East University,
Jordan, 2020.
[28] R.J. Sternberg, Raising the achievement of all students: Teaching for successful intelligence, Educ. Psych. Rev.
14(4) (2002) 383–393.
[29] R.J. Sternberg, A response to hartley, Psych. Teach. Rev. 18(1) (2012) 15–21.
[30] R.J. Sternberg and E.L. Grigorenko, An evaluation of teacher training for triarchic instruction and assessment,
Ann. IERI Grantee Meet. Washington, DC, 2002.
[31] R.J. Sternberg and E.L. Grigorenko, Teaching for successful intelligence: Principles, procedures, and practices,
J. Educ. Gifted 27(2-3) (2003) 207–228.
[32] R.J. Sternberg and E.L. Grigorenko, Retracted article: Successful intelligence in the classroom, Theory Practice
43(4) (2004) 274–280.
[33] R.J. Sternberg and S.B. Kaufman, The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence, Cambridge Handbooks in Psychology,
Cambridge University Press, 2011.
[34] I. Zaghloul, Principles of Educational Psychology, vol. i 2, University Book House, 2012.
Volume 13, Issue 1
March 2022
Pages 3959-3971
  • Receive Date: 15 August 2021
  • Revise Date: 20 September 2021
  • Accept Date: 29 November 2021