Designing a model for the realization of social justice according to the sixth development program of article 78 with the structural equation modeling

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Economic, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management, West Tehran Branch , Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Human Resource Management and MBA, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


The concept of justice is considered one of the most important words in the dictionary of human civilization, and on the other hand, according to Article 78 of the Sixth Development Plan, the government is obliged to achieve social justice and support vulnerable groups, and expand relief, support and insurance coverage, and prevent and reduce social harms. Design and implement the necessary programs to achieve the goals of the 6th Development Plan. The research method used is a mixed method, which is in the qualitative part of thematic analysis and in the quantitative part of Structural Equation Modeling. The statistical population of the qualitative section is targeted and using the snowball method, 11 experts are selected, and in the quantitative section, 200 members of the Ministry of Welfare were randomly selected. Using the theme analysis method and using semi-structured interviews, 20 organizer themes were counted, which were categorized in the theme network format. Using the structural equations model and confirmatory factor analysis, the effectiveness of all identified factors was confirmed. The findings of the research showed that according to the prioritization of the identified factors, the realization of the social justice model ranked first, accountability and responsibility ranked second, and meritocracy in distributive justice ranked third.


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Volume 15, Issue 3
March 2024
Pages 103-118
  • Receive Date: 08 October 2022
  • Revise Date: 25 November 2022
  • Accept Date: 03 December 2022