Identification Technological capabilities factors and comparison in internal development with under license projects in Iran automotive industry by using Fuzzy Delphi, DANP & TOPSIS analytical methods

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of Management and Accountant, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

2 Faculty of Management and Accountant, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Iran automakers have achieved technological capabilities in two ways, Under license, and internal design and development. This research seeks to identify and compare the technological capabilities factors created by these two methods. By the library studies and the opinion of industry experts, 9 factors of the Panda and Ramanathan model were selected. The measurement model was followed by defining 67 sub-factors, which were reduced to 47 by the fuzzy Delphi technique. DANP (DEMATEL+ANP) technique is used to weight the factors and sub-factors. Then, by using the TOPSIS technique and the weights extracted from the DANP step, 6 projects from two groups under license, and internal design and development were ranked and compared according to the level of technological capabilities absorbed. It's found that the SAMAND project (Internal development) has been ranked first in attracting technological capabilities, and both methods are essential in catching up with technology to cover the gap with pioneer car manufacturers.


Articles in Press, Corrected Proof
Available Online from 07 January 2023
  • Receive Date: 26 November 2022
  • Revise Date: 25 February 2023
  • Accept Date: 07 January 2023
  • First Publish Date: 07 January 2023