Nonlinear dynamic analysis and the impact of viscous damper on implemented vibration control applied to seismic vibrations

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Civil Engineering, Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Tehran, Iran


In the present paper, the impacts of viscous dampers on controlling the vibrations imposed on seismic vibrations are evaluated using descriptive methods. To this end, the library method and other research related to viscous dampers and their impacts on controlling external excitation such as earthquakes have been used. ETABS software was used for modelling the structures. Also, nonlinear dynamic analysis was used for seismic analysis of the structures. Based on the findings, using viscous dampers are effective to improve seismic parameters of structure and to decrease displacement, speed, base shear, and velocity. On the other hand, viscous fluid dampers can strengthen the structure and its performance during severe earthquakes and can be applied in newly constructed structures. The impact of a passive viscous damper on reducing the seismic response of the structures is found significant at the confidence level of 90%. Reduction of energy of structure hysteresis because of the nonlinear behaviour of members using dampers is proved to be significant at the confidence level of 80%. The results reveal that the lateral resistance of an EBF with a short joint can be 4/5 to 9 times more than the lateral resistance of an MRF, that the behaviour coefficient of fifteen-story EBF considered 6/5-7/75, concluded that the length of the bray does not have an impact on the behaviour coefficient of these frames.


[1] K.R. Asfar and S.N. Akour, Optimization analysis of impact viscous damper for controlling self–excited vibrations, J. Vib. Cont. 11 (2005), no. 1, 103–120.
[2] T.-Y. Chen, A meta-analysis of effectiveness of computer-based instruction in mathematics, The University of Oklahoma, 1994.
[3] F.Y. Cheng, H. Jiang and K. Lou, Smart structures: innovative systems for seismic response control, CRC Press, 2010.
[4] M.C. Constantinou and M.D. Symans, Experimental and analytical investigation of seismic response of structures with supplemental fluid viscous dampers, Technical Report NCEER-92-0032, National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Buffalo, New York, 1992.
[5] S. El-Borgi, H. Smaoui, F. Casciati, K. Jerbi and F. Kanoun, Seismic evaluation and innovative retrofit of a historical building in Tunisia, J. Struct. Control Health Monitor. 12 (2005), no. 2, 179–196.
[6] S. Infanti and M.G. Castellano, Viscous dampers: a testing investigation according to the HITEC protocol, Proc. Fifth World Cong. Joints Bear. Seismic Syst. Concrete Struct., Rome, Italy, 2001.
[7] J. Jiuhong, D. Jianye, W. Yu and H. Hongxing, Design method for fluid viscous dampers, J. Arc. Appl. Mech. 78 (2008), 737–746.
[8] S.H. Lee, K.W. Min, J.S. Hwang and J. Kim, Evaluation of equivalent damping ratio of a structure with added dampers, J. Eng. Struct. 26 (2004), 335–346.
[9] T.K. Lin, C.C. Chen, K.C. Chang, C.C.J. Lin and J.S. Hwang, Mitigation of micro vibration by viscous dampers, J. Earthq. Eng. Eng. Vib. 8 (2009), 569–582.
[10] D. Lopez Garcia, A simple method for the design of optimal damper configurations in MDOF structures, J. Earthquake Spectra 17 (2001), no. 3, 387–398.
[11] P. Mahmoodi, Structural dampers, Journal of the Structural Division, 95 (1969), no. ST8, 1661–1672.
[12] M.R. Mansoori and A.S. Moghadam, Using viscous damper distribution to reduce multiple seismic responses of asymmetric structures, J. Construct. steel Res. 65 (2009), 2176–2185.
[13] A. Occhiuzzi, Additional viscous dampers for civil structures: analysis of design based on effective evaluation of modal damping ratios, J. Eng. Struct. 31 (2009), 1039–1101.
[14] O.M. Ramirez, M.C. Constantinou, A.S. Whittaker, C.A. Kircher, M.W. Johnson and C.Z. Chrysostomou, Validation of the 2000 NEHRP provisions’ equivalent lateral force and modal analysis procedures for buildings with damping systems, Earthquake Spectra 19 (2003), no. 4, 981–999.
[15] A.S. Vader, The influence of signature tower passive energy dissipating devices on seismic response of long span cable-supported bridges, Thesis, Washington State University, 2004.
[16] Z. Xu, A.K. Agrawal, W.L. He and P. Tan, Performance of passive energy dissipation systems during near-field ground motion type pulses, J. Eng. Struct. 29 (2007), 224–236.
[17] A. Whittaker and M.C. Constantinou, Fluid viscous dampers for building construction, First Int. Symp. Passive Control, 2000, pp. 133–142.
Volume 15, Issue 1
January 2024
Pages 61-74
  • Receive Date: 07 November 2022
  • Revise Date: 17 January 2023
  • Accept Date: 22 January 2023