Some of the sufficient conditions to get the G-Bi-shadowing action

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Mathematics, Collage of Education for Pure Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq


The aim of this paper is introduced some examples of a \(\mathbb{G}\)-bi-shadowing actions on the metric \(\mathbb{G}\)-space, by study a sufficient conditions of actions to be \(\mathbb{G}\)-bi-shadowing. We show the \(\mathbb{G}\)-\(\lambda\)-Contraction actions, \(\mathbb{G}\)-\(\left( \lambda,L \right)\)\textbf{-}Contraction action, and \(\mathbb{G}\)-Hardy-Rogers contraction action are \(\mathbb{G}\)-bi-shadowing by proved some theorems.


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Volume 13, Issue 1
March 2022
Pages 1105-1112
  • Receive Date: 01 August 2021
  • Revise Date: 14 September 2021
  • Accept Date: 21 September 2021